Gender Gaps in Employment Evidence for Urban Areas in Bolivia
The growth of female participation in the labor market has stopped and shows signs of deterioration in the country. This slowdown may have implications in distributive aspects, empowerment of women, and the care and education of children. Motivated by these implications, the behavior of the gender gap in employment in urban areas of Bolivia is analyzed. Using linear probability models, determinants of female labor decisions are identified and it is evident that women are less likely to work, and if they do so, they do it in informal jobs. In addition, the results show that the deterioration in female labor participation has occurred in the most vulnerable groups of women, that is, in those with fewer years of education, more children in the household and belonging to households with lower levels of income.